Gone with the Mushroom Cloud


Aly Rashid 

It was 73 years ago when the Mushroom Cloud arose in Hiroshima and Nagasaki and signaled the end of the World War II. It was to this date the most catastrophic use of weaponry and the only time history saw a Nuclear Bomb in action. Ever since that the United Nations acts as the central organ preventing another war of this scale whereas the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) serves as an agreement aiming to prevent anymore nuclear warfare, but does this mean we are completely safe?

Perhaps if the NPT had been free of loopholes or at least followed to the letter, we could have had a somewhat better sense of security. For example, 5 states (namely the United States of America, Russia, France, China and the United Kingdom) still possess ample nuclear stockpiles. While the treaty presents these recognized Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) as aloof from several obligation, one of the core obligations in Article III of the treaty urging for “movement towards general and complete disarmament” is still applicable to them. Despite this, after reducing their stockpiles to certain extent, none of these states show intention to denuclearize further, and states like Russia and the USA still possess over 1000 warheads. Furthermore, the treaty through articles such as Article II and VI not only allows but encourages as one of its “three pillars” that nuclear stockpiles for peaceful purposes such as developing nuclear energy may be traded. Although since this consists of a uranium isotope which cannot be uses for weaponry (U-238), with the advancement of modern technology turning this very enriching this very uranium to U-235 for use in weaponry is not impossible. 

If this alone did not establish just how shallow the security we live under was, another fact is that the NPT is not completely universal, even amongst the members of the United Nations. Pakistan and India never signed the NPT whereas as North Korea withdrew from the treaty, as allowed in Article X. All three countries possess nuclear weapons. To make matters worse is the constant tension between Pakistan and India and the rogue nature of North Korea. We also see the matter of Israel, a state whose nuclear intentions have been hidden by powerful nations like the USA, thus leaving us in confusion. The truth is, even now we may be sitting at the brink of nuclear war. We may be sitting a mere 10 seconds away from the loss of millions of lives and destructions of hundreds of cities. It is when one ponders over these thoughts that the words of Albert Einstein come to mind, “I do not know what weapons World War III will be fought with, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.”



IOT in Healthcare,innovative project of the students of SRM institute of science and technology

By Syeda Maryam Fatima

Acquisition of IOT occurs at all fields and in every platform. In healthcare sector advancement has been placed day by day. Combination of information technology and healthcare emerges the concept of smart health. The main purpose of IOT in healthcare is the improvement of care. Time and environment are entirely changed by IOT. A patient can be checked and monitored at home through different IOT devices. This system also helps patients who are feared to go hospital. Remote health monitoring and telehealth reduce the workload by workers in the hospital and also reduce the cost of traveling and help solve the rise of chronic diseases. Smart bed is the major evolution in this field.Patient monitors, energy meters and x- rays and imaging devices are the most common IOT devices. The use of IOT increase innovation, better visualization of data and economize the cost.

In healthcare sector technology enters not only in sensory devices but also in recording and display devices. A group of students of the department of electronics and communication, SRM Institute of science and technology, Chennai, India designed a secured smart healthcare monitoring system based on IOT. In their project they use ATMEGA8 microcontroller for communication, Msg91 for security issue and GSM for alert massages. Internet of thing is the connection of objects to the internet. This concept stands on wireless system. Since these devices revolutionize healthcare. Constant monitoring of the patient is accomplished by this system. The main idea of the group is to design a webpage which eliminate the distance between the patient and the doctor and helps for continuous monitoring. The data collected by the ATMEGA8 microcontroller which can be accessed by the doctors from the corresponding unique URL at any of the internet browser. Sensors of health monitoring system are ECG, Bed wet, temperature, GSM Module and buzzer. Architecture of the system include AVR microcontroller, pressure sensor, bed wet sensor and gateway. MSG91 and Atmel 8 -bit microcontroller, HDI sensor is used because they met all specifications. The most important solution of the most common problem of childhood is bedwetting alarm, which is very safe. Gateway is a portal in which information is shared between two computer programs or systems. Gateway is an application level proxy. Proxy server conducts conduct the communications from client to the proxy server and proxy server to the destination. The user can browse the information anywhere from the laptops or mobile phones. Using virtual number, messages can send to the user and webpages, virtual number is provided by the MSG91. Pressure and temperature sensors are also used. Alarming messages are sent to the doctor in extreme situations.

We can see health parameters in both value and graph formats displayed in the webpage.

Healthcare sector gains more benefits from IOT. In the future they want to use Rasberry pi and Django web framework.

GE signs agreements to supply equipment for Thar Energy Plant

Islamabad(Cliff News)GEPower (NYSE: GE) announced that it haswon equipment and services deals worth more than US$ 60 million to power and provide critical maintenance services for a period of 12 years for the 330 megawatts (MW) Thar Energy Limited (TEL) Power Plant in Pakistan. The collaboration further demonstrates GE’s advanced technologies and reinforces its leadership as a trusted partner throughout the lifecycle of a power plant.Khalid Mansoor, CEO HUBCO said, “We are committed to supporting Pakistan in achieving power self-sufficiency and our focus on using our country’s own resources is testament to this. In driving the TEL project, we are using proven world-class technology by GE, which has demonstrated its long-term efficiency and reliability using similar fuels internationally. The inclusion of a multi-year services agreement furthers GE and Hubco’s cooperation, and not only marks a new milestone in our long-lasting relationship but also in Pakistan’s ambitions for a secure energy future.”The TEL Power Plant is owned by Thar Energy Limited – a consortium of the Hub Power Company Limited (Hubco), FaujiFertilizer Limited (FFC) and China Machinery & Engineering Corporation (CMEC). The power plant will use Pakistani lignite coal from the local Thar Block II mine and supply power to the national grid under a 30-year power purchase agreement (PPA). The 330 MW TEL power plant is expected to commence commercial operations in March 2021, and once in operation will provide the equivalent electricity needed to supply up to 600,000 Pakistani households. TEL is a part of the larger 1,320 megawatts (4×330 MW) Thar Block II integrated-mining and power plant plan, which is also included in the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) program.Hubco currently produces 1,601 MW through three plants located at Hub, Narowal and Azad Jammu Kashmir. It is the only power producer in Pakistan that is executing three projects worth over US$ 3 billion, listed in the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), namely the 1,320 MW imported coal-based China Power Hub Generation Company (Private) Limited (CPHGC) at Hub, the 330 MW Thar lignite-based Thar Energy Limited (TEL) at Thar and the Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company Limited (SECMC) developing Block II of Thar Coal Field.“The signature of these new agreements marks another milestone in our very strong partnership with Hubco to serve Pakistan’s power generation sector better,” said Michael Keroulle, CEO of GE’s Steam Power business in the Middle East, North Africa, Pakistan and Turkey.“The TEL plant is using GE’s advanced technology to generate power in an efficient way from Thar lignite, which is a challenging fuel, and these new agreements will allow us to support Hubco to operate the plants in the most reliable way. We thank Hubco for their trust in GE.”GE will provide its advanced Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) boiler and its steam turbine generator technology for the TELPower Plant. Thar lignite coal contains up to 50 percent moisture and low ash content, making it significantly challenging to burn reliably. GE’s boiler technology has been a preferred technology-of-choice on Thar lignite fired power plants because of GE’s successful track record burning similarly challenging fuels in Europe and North America. Pakistan has about 180 billion tons of lignite reserves and GE’s technology can help the country use this indigenous resource instead of importing more expensive fuels to increase energy independence and save foreign exchange reserves.Under the Multi-Year Agreement (MYA),GE will provide critical services to support maintenance outages, including the supply of spare parts, on-site inspections and advisory services for improved operations of both the boiler and steam turbine generator at the TEL power plant for 12 years. GE and Hub Power Services Limited (HPSL) – a wholly owned subsidiary of Hubco – also signed a broader Operations & Maintenance (O&M) Collaboration Agreement, where the two companies intend to explore opportunities to jointly provide O&M services to coal-fired power plants in Pakistan and the broader Middle East and North Africa region. The collaboration will bring together GE’s experience in enhancing the availability and efficiency of critical power equipment with Hubco’s experience in providing O&M skills for power plants.Globally today, GE’s steam turbines equip up to 30 percent of coal-fired steampower plants and 50 percent of the world’s nuclear power plants. In Pakistan, GE has supported the development of energy infrastructure for more than 50 years. Today, GE-built technologies cangenerate the equivalent power needed to supply up to 30 percent of the country’s electricity.“Coal is a vital part of the energy mix in Pakistan. GE’s technology for coal-fueled power plants is proven, reliable, affordable, and an industry leader in efficiency, leading to lower emissions. The TEL project will generate up to 330MW to help the country bridge the gap between electricity demand and available supply, reiterating our commitment to support the development of Pakistan’spower sector,” said Sarim Sheikh, President & CEO of GE Pakistan and Central Asia.

About GE:

GE (NYSE:GE) drives the world forward by tackling its biggest challenges. By combining world-class engineering with software and analytics, GE helps the world work more efficiently, reliably, and safely. For more than 125 years, GE has invented the future of industry, and today it leads new paradigms in additive manufacturing, materials science, and data analytics. GE people are global, diverse and dedicated, operating with the highest integrity and passion to fulfill GE’s mission and deliver for our customers. www.ge.com

About GE Power:

GE Power is a world energy leader providing equipment, solutions and services across the energy value chain from generation to consumption. Operating in more than 180 countries, our technology produces a third of the world’s electricity, equips 90 percent of power transmission utilities worldwide, and our software manages more than forty percent of the world’s energy. Through relentless innovation and continuous partnership with our customers, we are developing the energy technologies of the future and improving the power networks we depend on today. 

ROBOTICS Spreading Everywhere: technology increasing day by day


By:Syeda Maryam Fatima

Robotics, interesting field of science and technology has increasing day by day in almost every country in the world. Robotics has entered in many fields because of its variety of application. It is visible in hospitals, industries, agriculture, military, sports, companies, offices, library, universities and even homes. Robotics is very attracting field and nearly 70% of students of engineering and technology wish to continue their education in this field. The reason behind robotics is to give comfort to the people, reduce time in completion of work and increase efficiency and productivity. Boundaries of robotics could not be found because its application is increasing gradually, and people wants to remove manual work on which chances of mistakes are high. Robots are also used in the work that are difficult for the humans like defusing bomb, exploring mines, etc.

Robotics play vital role in all areas. In hospitals, courier robots carry reports, medicines, foods and other stuffs all around the hospital.  Robot extends the capabilities of doctors. Telerobots are used to examine patents from their own place. Surgical robots are used in operation theatre. Surgical also use telerobotic concept. Surgical robots help surgeons in the work. Mechatronics concepts has widely used in military field for example robotic gun, four wheeled robots, etc. Industries uses robots for mainly production and handing purposes because they reduce product damage. Industries uses robots for mainly production and handling purposes because they reduce product damageand speed of work. Sports robots are used to build robotic team of different sports.

Robotic engineering need mechanical, electronic, electrical, biomedical and even programming knowledge also. Many Universities have this discipline in graduate and post graduate level to allow students to build knowledge and think about its applications. Different countries give platform to the students for research in robotics. In Pakistan National Institute of science and technology, NEDUniversity of engineering and technology, The IMR research group, Centre of Intelligent machines and robotics at COMSATS, National engineering robotics contest gives opportunities for students and researchers.

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NRT presents loosely based on Lorca’s Blood Wedding drama “Bandhan”

Karachi (Cliff News)NRT Presents “Bandhan” is loosely based on Lorca’s Blood Wedding.  Blood Wedding was written in 1932 and first performed in Madrid in March 1933. Lorca was inspired by a sensational crime that he read about in the Madrid daily ABC in 1928. In the farming village of Níjar, a young man had been murdered after attempting to run away with a bride on the eve of her wedding.The protagonists of Blood Wedding are ordinary women confronting their own passionate natures and rebelling against the constraints of Spanish society. The bride in Blood Wedding runs away from her wedding reception with her former suitor, Leonardo, who is married. The mother who has already lost her husband and her elder son fears the worst for her younger and only living son. The men kill each other, leaving the bereaved women—Leonardo’s wife, the bridegroom’s mother, and the bride—to bewail their losses. In many ways the play reflects the many news stories of honour killings that occur in our part of the world ever so often.

Playwright: Federico Garcia Lorca

Director: Hassan Raza

Music: Nigel Bobby

Cast: Hajra Yamin, Asad Gujjar, Hassan Khan, Shabana Hasan, Zain ul Abideen,

Sehrish, Naila Nawab, Samhan Ghazi, Roohi Ahmed, Ayesha Hasan, Asma Noor,

Sofia Bhalaisha.

Music Team: Daniyal Wasti, Sagar Veiljee, Allan Ayub, Zeeshan Shamshad, Sajar Nafees,

Haider Chao, Palwasha Gul, Hammad Ali, Islam Abbas, Faisal Masih,

Sabeen Nawab, Muqaddas Saleem, Samreen Sabir, Hannan Imran, Azhar Ali,

Rida Sheikh.

Date: February 22, 2018 to March 04, 2018

Time: 8:00 pm daily

Venue: Zia Mohyeddin Theatre, NAPA

Infinix’s latest flagship smartphone, Zero 5, exclusively available on Daraz.pk

Infinix KV(Cliff News): The Infinix Zero 5 is exclusively available on Daraz.pk at a price of RS.28, 000. A closer look at the hotly anticipated phone’s specs proves it’s a strong middle-range smartphone offering a robust user experience at an affordable price point. The Zero 5 comes packed with an octa-core MediaTek Helio P25 processor with 6GB RAM and 64GB ROM. Also included is a dedicated microSD card slot.
It runs on Android 7.0 Nougat with Infinix’s XOS skin with Infinix promising one major OS update for the phone.

A unibody that is sleek yet sturdyThe Zero 5 has a unibody metal design with Corning Gorilla Glass. It has 5.98 inches 1920×1080 IPS display with MediaTek Helio P25 MT6757.

Zero 5 dual camera systems: The dual camera system brings users a primary 12 MP camera and a secondary 13 MP telephoto camera. On the front is a 16 MP camera with flash.

4350mAh battery and Android 7.0 Nougat: For the battery that means business, users need to look no further than the Zero 5. It runs on Infinix’ XOS skin on top of Android 7.0 Nougat. Additional features include a fingerprint sensor, USB-C connector, dual SIM support with separate microSD slot, and 4350mAh battery with fast charging.

Bold in Bordeaux: For a brand whose smartphones never disappoint in the style and aesthetics quotient, the Zero 5 continues Infinix’s winning streak with three eye-catching colors to choose from. The Zero 5  is available in Sandstone Black, Champagne Gold, and Bordeaux Red color.


Introducing Files Go, a faster way to clean up, find and share files on your phone

Karachi(Cliff News)Today Google launched Files Go, a new app for freeing up space, finding  files faster and easily sharing them with others. Files Go is globally available from today on the  Google Play Store​ for all phones running Android 5.0 (Lollipop) and higher. Google also announced that Files Go will be offered as a part of suite of apps on the upcoming  Android Oreo (Go edition) phones scheduled for sale in early 2018. Additionally, smartphone  makers such as Nokia Mobile, Panasonic, Micromax, Lava, Intex, Karbonn Mobiles, and Xolo, will  also offer Files Go as a pre-installed app on select 2018 models. Files Go helps smartphone users manage their files, which is a serious problem in many parts of  the world. Every day, millions of smartphones run out of space. And images, videos, apps and  documents never stop coming. Eventually, users reach that point where they have to choose  what to keep or delete. Files Go solves this problem with four features:

  • Freeing up space. ​Files Go offers personalized suggestions about which files to delete,  whether it’s unused apps, large files, duplicate files or low resolution videos. Files Go  also uses Google’s latest Mobile Vision technology to detect memes.
  • Finding files faster.​ With Files Go, users no longer have to navigate through a maze of  folders to find files. Files Go’s smart filters automatically organize images, videos, apps,  documents, and more to make it easy to find different kinds of media.
  • Backup files to the cloud.​ If users are unsure whether they want to delete a file forever,  they can select it from the Files menu and easily back it up to Google Drive or any other  cloud storage app.
  • Share files offline. ​Users can transfer files directly from their phone to a nearby phone  through Files Go. The file transfers are encrypted, fast (up to 125 Mbps) and don’t use  any mobile data.
  • In its testing of Files Go, Google found that the average user is saving 1GB of space in the first  month.


About Google

Google’s mission is to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful. Through products and platforms like Search, Maps, Gmail, Android, Google Play, Chrome and YouTube, Google plays a meaningful role in the daily lives of billions of people and has become one of the most widely-known companies in the world. Google is a subsidiary of Alphabet Inc.