Karachi(Cliff News)A large number of book lovers and literature enthusiastic attended sessions of their interests on various thought-provoking subjects on the second day of Karachi Literature Festival (KLF) on Saturday.The series of activities related to literature were also well attended by visitors of all ages.Oxford University Press (OUP) Pakistan event gathered avid readers, writers, academics, and literary figures from across Pakistan and the world for the second day of the festival, which began on Friday at the Beach Luxury Hotel.The day started with the session “Home Fire: Rosinka Chaudhuri in conversation with Kamila Shamsie”. Home Fire was long listed for the prestigious Man Booker Prize and has garnered international acclaim. Centered around a British-Pakistani family torn apart by a conflicted past, this novel features themes that are very relevant today. The audience heard interesting commentary about Pakistani writing in English, the Paksitani diaspora in Britain and much more. The book launch for Remnants of a Separation: A History of the Partition through Material Memory by Aanchal Malhotra had a panel consisting of Aanchal Malhotra, NazIkramullah Ashraf, Shahnaz Aijazuddin and Reema Abbasi with moderator Saif Mahmood. “When you are born in India or Pakistan, you cannot separate yourself from partition”, said Aanchal Malhotra.Shahnaz Aijazuddin pointed out, “In Harry Potter, wizards use everyday objects and magic to transport them to another place. In Aanchal’s book, she has used ordinary objects to transport herself back in time.”Aanchal added, “Official history doesn’t encompass everyone so we have to trust peoples memory. But memory is inherently fallible so collective memory becomes personal memory. We have to take things at face value, blend of oral history and academic history as they cannot exist separately from one another.”About interviewing people regarding partition, Aanchal explains, “Memory is not chronological, you need triggers to remember. You need to talk about senses, ask questions like what did Chittagong smell like at that time.”At the book launch “Bhopal Connections: Vignettes of Royal Rule” by Shaharyar M. Khan,Shaharyar M. Khan &Mani Shankar Aiyar were conversationwith session moderator SadaffeAbid.Award Ceremony of KLF-German Peace Prize Winners with Dr Christoph Hein (Leading German Journalist on Asia)was presented by the Consulate General of Germany, Karachi. Dr Rasul Baksh Rias was declared as the First German Peace Prize winner.Ijaz Hussain won the second German Peace Price for his book Indus Water Treaty: Political and Legal Dimensions.”The only way to solve the water problem in India and Pakistan is to work together”, said the winner author. The third prize was won byAhtar Baloch for his book “Prison Narratives”.The most interesting session was “Slam-Bam Verse! Utterances of the Age” where the speakers Zohab Khan, ZohaJabbar, Batool Hassan, Shameneh Majid, Mariam Paracha, Hamza Iftikhar discussed the details withZohab Khan.Book Launch: Pirani & Other Short Stories by Jamal AbroMahtab Akbar Rashdi, Attiya Dawood, Shah Muhammad PirzadaModerator: Masood LoharIn the session MeToo: Gender issues today, the speakers AurélieSalvaire, Kami Chouhdry, HarisGazdar and session moderator Bina Shah discussed the burning gender issues. “A lot of the issues brought up by the me too movement expose not just sexual exploitation but economic exploitation,” saidHaris Gazdar, adding, “”Surveys reveal that women themselves don’t regard their own labour as work.”Aurelie Salvaire said, “I find there are more feminists in Pakistan’s lower middle class than in the upper classes”. She added that “Imagine what would happen is all the women in Pakistan stopped working for one day.”At the session “Why is Shakespeare Shakespeare?” Zia Mohyeddin read selected abstracts in his trademark style.On the session on sports “Howzat!The Madness that is Cricket”, the speakers Richard Heller, Shaharyar M. Khan, Mohsin Khan and moderator Sohaib Alvi discussed important sports issues. Shaharyar M. Khan said that “You need coaching academies across the country and not just the big cities so young talent can flourish.”Three books on Socio-Economic and Governance Priorities for Pakistan also launched ate the event. Hafiz A. Pasha, SakibSherani and Vaqar Ahmed sat with moderator Abdul Qadir to discuss the details.Hafiz A. Pasha said that “Since the 90’s Pakistan has lost its growth. What is equally worrying is that we have high and rising inequality the evidence is that over the last 15 years.The fundamental is how to manage the low growth and inequality.”In an intriguing session, NasriNazmaurNayeeShairi, Afzal Ahmed Syed, Tanveer Anjum, Azra Abbas, ArfaEzazi sat with moderator Syed Kashif Raza.In the session Autobiographies: A Conversation, Zubeida Mustafa, first female editor of Dawn and author of My dawn years sat with Kesho Scott of The Habit of Surviving & Tight Spaces. Zubeida Mustafa said that “I wouldn’t say I was the first woman in journalism but I did join it at a stage when I could influence policy and pave the way for other women.”In the Book Launch: Travels in a Dervish Cloak, author Isambard Wilkinson talked to Victoria Schofield about his new book.Book Launch: The Three Innocents and Ors.: Chughtai on Childhood Translated by Tahira Naqvi.Shahnaz Aijazuddin and SabynJaveri sat with SamanShamsie to discuss the book.At the Book Launch: A Thousand Cups of Tea: Among Tea Lovers in Pakistan and Elsewhere in the Muslim WorldJurgen Wasim Frembgen sat with ArfaSayeda Zehra to discuss his book. ArfaSayeda Zehra moderated the session. Going Bananas with the Boys was an interesting session where the Banana News Network boys including Murtaza Chaudhery,Mustafa Chaudhery&Faisal Chaudhery entertained the crown.At the Book Launch: The Faltering State: Pakistan’s Internal Security Landscape the author Tariq Khosa sat with Babar Ayaz, Hamid Khan & Javed Jabbar.Maheen Zia, AriebAzhar and Pervez Hoodbhoy had a healthy discussion in the session EACPE Video Competition: Fostering Tolerance in Pakistan.Screenings of Short Films. This was followed by Award Ceremony by Getz.In session The Power of the Individual Story: Pakistani Women’s Autobiographies, Attiya Dawood, Azra Abbas, Samina Rahman and KishwarNaheed sit with Kesho Scott.In the session “Can Art and Culture Save the City?” DurriyaKazi, Sania Saeed, Faraz Hamidi and YawarJilani sat with moderator Naila Mahmood. “Citymaking is a complex task especially if you bring culture into it. Citymaking needs a conscience, an understanding of history,” says YawarJilani on architecture and pubic spaces. He added that “This process of engagement and dialogue. Our city has no planning authority. It’s headless. There is no institution to have dialogue or a thought process about which direction Karachi should be headed.”Sania Saeed said that “I was born during the time of dictatorship so we were just thrown into democracy. We didn’t know what to do because we were told what to do and what not to do. So we never saw political dialogue.” She added, “Theatre has a respectful engagement of the presenter and audience it is non threatening and non confrontational and more engaging and has a longer impact and if it can be continued then it reflect more positively in people’s attitudes. However, art doesn’t come under the politicians’ radars, which has allowed us to get away with a lot of things.” It’s difficult to get people out of their comfort zone because they’ve accepted and are living in this garbage, and to shake them out of this and get them out of it is difficult,”. “So it’s a psychological issue too. There are limited theatres in Karachi, it you don’t get along with Arts Council, pack up and leave, you can perform on the streets, not that even.” To this DurriyaKazi responded that I think the artists bridges the gap between chaos and order.Shahida Hassan, Irfan Sattar&Mahjabeen Ghazal Ansari had an interesting discussion in the session Safar aurKhwab: Shairiki Yaadain aur Baatain .At the Book launch of ‘Governing the Ungovernable’, author Ishrat Husain talked with Mani Shankar Aiyar, Y. Venugopal Reddy and moderator SimaKamil on his book, Governing the Ungovernable: Institutional Reforms for Democratic Governance*. Venogopal said “A leader can make a difference at an opportune point in time.” Ishrat Husain said, “I looked at the explanations of Pakistan’s decline. First and foremost, Pakistan is a fragile flailing state with nuclear power, extremism roaming about, tension with India and the US.” He added, “Whenever Pakistan has received generous foreign assistance, Pakistan has done well. This has been in relation with military governance.”In the session Harf-e-Baryab, Iftikhar Arif had a conversation with moderators Asif Farrukhi and NasiraZuberi and also performed a few readings.In the session Francis Robinson talks with Mahmood Jamal and Hameed Haroon on his book Jamal Mian: The Life of Maulana Jamaluddin Abdul Wahab of FarangiMahall 1919–2012, Francis Robinson was in Conversation with Mahmood Jamal and Hameed Haroon on his book.At the Book launch of ‘Of Pearls and Pecks of Straw’ author Iqbal Akhund talked with Ashraf Jehangir Qazi and moderator Maniza Naqvi on his new book, Of Pearls and Pecks of Straw: Recollections, Essays, After-thoughts. He said, “I am one of the last few Indians left. Many of you were born and bred here. I was born there and I was not at all in favour of Pakistan; we lived happily with Hindus, Christians and Parsis. Eventually I came around to the idea but I must confess I still have a certain nostalgia for that country that was.” About the book he said, “In 18 years I wrote 20-30 pages but then the book started to write itself and it was done in 2 years.”In the session To Write or Not to Write? Student Voices against the Odds, Mushba Said &Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy along with the moderator SabynJaveri had an interesting discussion.Jurgen Wasim Frembgen, Amardeep Singh, Ghazala Rahman Rafiq with moderator Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro had a detailed discussion in the session Shrines and Sufi Legacy.SecunderKermani, Ghazi Salahuddin, Huma Baqai sit with moderator FasiZaka in session Electronic Media: Making and Breaking News discussed the trends of electronic media. Huma Baqai said that 80% of producers, when I appear on TV, tell me to not speak like an academic, to simplify my ideas.Chup: A Short Play directed by Sunil Shanker with the cast of Fawad Khan, Bakhtawar Mazhar, Kaif Ghaznavi, Sunil Shanker, &Erum Bashir was much admired by the crowd.Author Sheela Reddy talked with Governor Sindh Mohammad Zubair, F.S. Aijazuddin and moderator Kamran Asdar Ali about, Mr and Mrs Jinnah: Hindustan kiHairankunShadi. “Jinnahs personal life has never been discussed in this way. Pakistanis would probably not like it (the book), they don’t want to humanise Jinnah in this manner, they can’t fathom that he fell in love with a Parsi girl. So they might not like it but the truth must be told” said Mohammad Zubair. Author Sheela Reddy was asked what attracted 42-year-old Jinnah to an 18-year-old Parsi woman, to which she responded, “I think on his part it was her very youth that might have attracted him, she was a great romantic. I think she had qualities that he had suppressed about himself due to his need to self-invent into another man, a great man.”In the session Building Educational Institutions of Excellence, the speakers ShamshKassim-Lakha, Ishrat Husain, Wasif Rizvi, Sabahat Rafiq with modratorAmin Hashwani shed light of the educational system.The session Education of Girls: Perceptions and Realities in a Changing Pakistan was addressed by the speakers Rahat Kazmi, Sania Saeed, Nadia Naviwala. Riaz Kamlanimodrated the session. Nadia Naviwala said that “Surveys show that 75% of Pakistani parents think that education for girls is as important as boys… Gender gap in education is 10% in Pakistan and most of this gap exists in rural areas. She added, “Access to schools is the problem; the stigma isn’t girls schooling but girls going to school – meaning, mobility’s the issue.” According to Nadia, “You need to make school safe for girls by having more female teachers… You can get girls to schools but you also need to have quality education. Schools and education aren’t the same thing, and that’s where we’re failing”In the session, Reality catches up with SatireZarrarKhuhro, FasiZaka&Nadeem F. Paracha the croud took special interest and were fully thrilled by the thought provoking discussions.Khayal: An Evening of Indian Classical Singing by Amit Chaudhuri, accompanied by Yousuf Kerai on the table entertained the crowd.Don Akhbar’: Documentary Screening and Discussion on Lyari’s Local Media was well presented by Dostain Baloch, Zia Rehman, Waheed Noor with Nida KirmaniThe evening ended with AriebAzhar’sConcert along with Mushaira that was attended by top poets including Iftikhar Arif, Inaam Nadeem, Afzal Ahmed Syed, Ajmal Siraj, Anwar Shaoor, Aqeel Abbas Jafri, Fatema Hassan, Harris Khalique, Irfan Sattar, KhwajaRazi Haider, KishwarNaheed, NasiraZuberi, Peerzada Salman, Salman Sarwat, Sarwat Zehra, Shahida Hassan, Tanveer Anjum, Usama Ameer Shaikh, Waheed Noor, Zakia Ghazal.