Federal and Provincial Expanded program on Immunization Typhoid Vaccination Campaign

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Karachi(Cliff News)The provincial expanded program on immunization (EPI) government of Sindh with support from the Federal EPI, UNICEF, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has organized a catch-up vaccination campaign for typhoid fever.The campaign will be conducted in the urban areas of Sindh starting from 18-30 November 2019. The vaccine will be given to children 9 months to 15 years of age. Vaccines will be provided in schools and through EPI centers throughout the province.The vaccination campaign will be carried out by the department of health with the help of civil society organizations in increasing awareness and improving an uptake of the vaccine.A briefing session of the vaccination campaign for typhoid fever was conducted in Karachi, where Dr. Akram Sultan, Project Director, Expanded Program on Immunization stated, “Typhoid fever is a dangerous disease affecting mostly children. The World Health Organization has categorized Pakistan as a high incidence country. Adding to the problem of disease is the resistance to the antibiotics. There have been more than 10,000 cases of extensive drug resistant typhoid fever in Karachi and Hyderabad alone. Typhoid fever may result to disability or death if untreated”.


World Habitat Trophy for Pakistan Chulah

Karachi(Cliff News)Heritage Foundation of Pakistan’s smokeless stove programmeresponsible for creating female entrepreneurs out of village women and improving their quality of health and life, which was recently adjudgedWorld Habitat Awards Winner for the year 2018was honoured withthe trophy at the ceremony of UN Habitat World Convention held in Nairobi. The trophy was received byHE Syed Maroof, the Acting High Commissioner of Pakistan in Nairobion behalf of Heritage Foundation.The trophy for World Habitat Award 2018 awarded to Pakistan Chulah was handed over by MrVictor Kisob, the Deputy Executive Director of UN Habitat at a prestigious ceremony in Nairobi.The trophy will be brought to Pakistan by David Ireland, Executive Director, World Habitat, and presented to Yasmeen Lari in November at the international conference on Green Sustainable Architecture organized by INTBAU Pakistan in collaboration with INTBAU and World Habitat at Makli at Zero Carbon Cultural Centre (ZC3), in the vicinity of Makli World Heritage.To celebrate the prestigious award, a couple of thousand Pakistan Chulah makers, representing several hundred villages will be present along with eminent international and national delegates from around the world and across the county.The World Habitat Awards Advisory Group said: “This is a tremendous project, which is changing the kitchen from a dirty place to a clean place. By making women into entrepreneurs it gives status in the family and the wider community. It’s vernacular architecture at its best.”

About the self-built chulah:

The zero carbon self-built Pakistan Chulah has been constructed by over 50,000 rural housewives in Upper and Lower Sindh. It is smokeless and fuel efficient, requiring only sawdust/cow dung briquettes for fuel, thus requiring no biomass or wood for cooking.


Medworks launch mobile based glucose meter for diabetic patients

Karachi(Cliff News)Medworks launches mobile phone-based glucose meters
Medworks, a digital healthcare start-up centered around the management of diabetes, held a launch for Glu-Sage, a mobile phone-based glucose meter, and also Insulauto, a cost-effective insulin pump at a local hotel on 30 March 2019. Medworks is the first company to develop smart-phone compatible glucose testing system in Pakistan.
Glu-Sage – currently available for Android smartphones – plugs into the phone’s headphone jack.Using the Medworks application, users can view, save and share their glucose readings.
The event was attended by leading diabetologists and endocrinologists from Pakistan. Faisal Masood (CEO – Medworks) welcomed participants. He mentioned that the goal of the
organization is to empower patients to use data in order to improve their own health outcomes and be better connected to doctors.Dr. Abdul Basit (President of International Diabetes Federation – MENA region and Director of Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology) shared that a study published last year concluded that 1
in every 4 Pakistanis is now diabetic. High blood glucose levels are major contributors to mortality and morbidity. According to the WHO, global burden of deaths from diabetes is over 3.7 million, and is rising fast. This has mandated looking for new and improved ways of managing diabetes.He also spoke about the importance of self-monitoring blood glucose, and how digital tools like Glu-
Sage can assist in this. He said that technology has the potential to transform the health industry in
Pakistan. He mentioned that recently, a Science and Technology Task force led by Dr. Atta-ur-Rehman has been launched to support entrepreneurs in the STEM field and improve innovations in sectors such as health and education.
Mr. Derek Yao (International Sales Director, APEX Medical China) also attended the event.He discussed the journey of APEX from China to Pakistan. He praised the set up of diabetes education in Karachi. He mentioned that the devices are being distributed in South America, Russia and 25
countries in Europe.

High profile moot to discuss prevalence of Cancer in developing countries

Karachi(Cliff News)A three-day high profile conference to discuss prevalence and causes of cancer leading to death particularly in developing countries will open at SIUT (Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation) today (Friday). The conference is jointly organized by prestigious American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and SIUT. Some leading cancer specialist from Europe and North America are taking part in the conference.According to statistics released by American society some 1,48,000 Pakistanis are diagnosed cancer annually with over 1,00,000 deaths caused by cancer.Management and treatment of hematological malignancies, breast and lung cancers, colon cancers are important topics which have earmarked for discussion during three day proceedings. The American society which was established in 1954 with worldwide membership of 45 000 practicing oncologists including Pakistan has decided to take the war against cancer globally. The conference is a part of the global war. Workshop to carry out research, education and promotion of high quality patient care are also part of the conference.Highlighting the ever growing rate burden of cancer in the society experts have underlined the need to reduce the burden of the ailment by implementing known cancer preventing strategies. Smoking and use of tobacco has been described as the most important contributing factor. They also underlined that adoption of healthy life style, healthy diet and cancer screening as vital component for preventing cancer. The oncologist members of the sobriety also pointed out dearth of the state of the art cancer treating hospital in public sector in Pakistan is equally essential.

International Committee of Red Cross holds seminar on violence against health care workers

Karachi(Cliff News)The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) held a seminar at Jinnah Sindh Medical University, which emphasized the problem of violence against health workers. The APPNA Institute of Public Health (AIPH) at JSMU is a proud partner of the Health Care in Danger (HCiD) Initiative of the ICRC. The initiative aims to conscientiously support health systems in preventing and controlling violence against health care workers by making health care settings safe and empowering health care providers to manage violence at their workplace. The initiative has developed and implemented different interventions including training for health care providers on de-escalation of violence in health care settings, training for ambulance workers on field safety and security, testing contextualized international tools to assess security in hospitals and formation of security frameworks, and mass media awareness campaigns on giving way to ambulances and respecting health care providers.The seminar was attended by Secretary Health Dr. Usman Chachar, Vice Chancellor Jinnah Sindh Medical University Dr. SM Tariq Rafi, Dean Medical Education CPSP Dr. Syeda Kausar, Mr. Giovanni Trambaiolo Head of ICRC Sub-Delegation, Dr. Mirwais Khan Head of Project Health Care in Danger ICRC, AIG Dr. Waliullah Khan, Commissioner Karachi Iftikhar Ali Shalwani, Professor Lubna Baig Dean and Pro VC Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Dr. Shiraz Shaikh Co-Principle Investigator of HCiD, Dr. Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Hashmi Project Manager HCiD, Dr. Naseem from Institute of Public Health and Social Sciences Khyber Medical University, CEO Sindh Healthcare Commission Dr. Minhaj Kidwai and Zarrar Khurro Media Panelist who shared significant achievements of the initiative with health care professionals in attendance. The seminar’s goal was to develop policy guidelines for protecting care workers along with concerned stake holders including health policy makers, media personnel, members of medical fraternity and law enforcement agencies in protecting health care.Dr. Mirwais Khan from the ICRC stated that: “Adopting new policies and standards will ensure all hospitals, no matter how big or small, can prevent violence and keep their staff and patients safe. Healthcare workers care for us at our most vulnerable. They deserve to feel and be safe at work. We are sending a strong message that violence against healthcare workers can never condoned.”Professor Lubna Baig, Dean APPNA Institute of Public Health stated that: “HCID Project team at APPNA Institute of Public Health feels strongly about violence against healthcare that negatively effects the performance of Healthcare providers which ultimately leads to poor quality of care and adverse health outcomes. In the past four years, the team has passionately done great amount of research on this subject and also come up with practical solutions to minimize violence against healthcare. The presence of all relevant stakeholders in this seminar will help us in together chalking out a strategy to implement the solutions that have been developed after hard work of the core team of the project.”

Pfizer aims to slow growing Global Public Health Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance


PICTURE WITH CAPTION URDU & ENGLISH-1.jpgKarachi (Cliff News)Pfizer Pakistan in recognition of World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) reaffirms its commitment to working with industry partners and policymakers to help prevent and combat the global public health threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR).AMR can affect anyone, of any age, in any country. It occurs when pathogens change and find ways to resist the effects of antibiotics. The pathogens survive, grow and spread their resistance. This process of adaptation leads to AMR. If no solution is found, the consequences of AMR could be devastating. Minor infections and injuries could become life-threatening, and serious infections such as pneumonia could become impossible to treat. Further, many routine medical procedures could be too risky to perform because of the risk of becoming infected while in hospital by a multi-drug resistant pathogen.SM Wajeeh further said; “We at Pfizer are fully cognizant of this important issue of Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR) and have been working with relevant stakeholders to make our contribution towards managing it. On the occasion of World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2018, we are pleased to partner with MMIDSP, which is leading the way for creating awareness on AMR in Pakistan. Pfizer core values remain focused on our patient’s wellness, and we are working together on projects that positively impact overall health in Pakistan.”Dr. Aamer Ikram, President of MMIDSP said on this occasion: “MMIDSP takes the pride in launching the initiatives in the country to curb antimicrobial resistance (AMR) through “Antibiotic Stewardship Initiative in Pakistan (ASIP)”. The Society has organized multiple events in collaboration with Pfizer Pakistan for creating awareness and imparting training at both institutional and community levels to address the injudicious overuse of antibiotics with ever increasing AMR. It has reached out to major stakeholders, professional societies and policy makers within and outside the government for collaboration in tackling AMR at national level. Many national and provincial initiatives have been taken across Pakistan. On this World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2018, MMIDSP appeals to all stakeholders that it is our responsibility to join hands in these national efforts to end the menace of AMR.”


MRI,safest diagnosis technique

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Syeda Maryam Fatima

Interesting and stunning technique of radiation and medical imaging has increasing its application day by day. As its name indicates this is a technique of an image acquisition of medical systems. MRI is a medical imaging technique, uses strong magnetic fields to get images of the anatomy and physiological process of the human being. MRI machine is widely used in the diagnostic purposes and in the biomedical research. In 1946, foundations of MRI began. In 1971, NMR images were created. In 1977, first human being was examined using MRI.

The imaging technique is highly versatile. Image is created by strong magnetic field and radio waves. It is a non-invasive procedure. MRI gives detailed cross sectional images of internal organs and structure. It is different from other imaging techniques because it does not use radiations which are potentially harmful for the human body. The use MRI technology is expanding gradually. The latest application is discovered by the group of researchers that MRI is used to detect energy and heat emitting from the cell phone on brain. The heat is resulting from the reaction of brain cells and radio frequencies emitting from the cell phone. The heats in the brain resulting from cell phones are very dangerous and damagethe brain cells. The cell phone set is not supposed to take inside the MRI machine because of high magnetic field inside, instead giving radio frequencies as emitting from cell phone and then image the effect of the frequencies.

The acquisition process is very different and interesting from other imaging techniques. The two magnets play a vital role in visualizing human body. Abundant of hydrogen atoms are present in human body, a small magnet is present inside the nucleus of the hydrogen atom which is very sensitive to magnetic field, when a human being is entered in the magnetic field, one magnet of MRI machine align all the hydrogen atoms of the human being in either north or south direction and other magnet is used for shifting the direction of these atoms.

MRI machine is available in nearly all hospitals and research centers. It has no side effects unless someone has problem to stay in a closed pack of MRI machine. An injectable dye used to clearly visualize the image has some side effects but it is not used every time. In Pakistan MRI machine is mostly used for diagnostic reasons. The cost of MRI machines are very high because of the very expensive elements used in the machine and the other reason is that only few companies make MRI machine.

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