Fakhr-e-Alam presents his book to President of Pakistan

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Islamabad(Cliff News)In commemoration of the first anniversary of Mission Parwaaz, our National Hero Fakhr-e-Alam announces the release of his book ‘Mission Parwaaz – Fakhr-e-Alam Making History’ by presenting it to the President of Pakistan. The book encapsulates Alam’s historic journey of circumnavigating the globe in 23 days with Mission Parwaaz. As part of the 1-year anniversary, Fakhr-e-Alam presented the book in Islamabad to the President of Pakistan, Dr. Arif Alvi and DG ISPR General Asif Ghafoor. Alam will also be signing books in Lahore between 11th and 12th November. The book launch announcement was made after the teaser release of the documentary ‘Mission Parwaaz.’The historic journey of Mission Parwaaz was not only a groundbreaking National achievement for Pakistan but also marked Pakistan’s first successful circumnavigation of the globe in any mode of transportation. The documentary ‘Mission Parwaaz’ will be aired on Pakistan’s state-owned broadcaster – Pakistan Television (PTV) on 9th November, as recognition and celebration of this extraordinary historical achievement by a Pakistani.Commenting on the 1-year anniversary of Mission Parwaaz, Fakhr-e-Alam says, “I have always been proud to be a Pakistani. I undertake things to make my country proud. Mission Parwaaz, a global circumnavigation was a once in a life time adventure very few people get to do. I hope to see more Pakistanis to undertake such an endeavor. I can’t wait for a Pakistani woman pilot to circumnavigate the planet. Pakistanis have the talent, ability and the heart to do extra ordinary things. My next focus is space travel. I hope I can carry the Pakistani flag into space. Need all your prayers.”The epic 23-day journey started on October 10th, 2018 from St. Pete-Clearwater International Airport, Tampa Florida, USA, flying the ‘Pilatus PC 12NG’ single-engine turboprop aircraft, stopping by at 36 airports while flying over 106 countries across the world in only 23 days. Alam made his first stopover in Boston, flew to Canadian Airbase in Goosebay, Canada, making further brief pit stops in Greenland, Iceland, United Kingdom, Egypt, Bahrain, Dubai, Karachi, Islamabad, Lahore, Dhaka, Bangkok, Singapore, Jakarta, Australia, Philippines, Taiwan, South Japan, North Japan, the Pacific Bay, Russia, Alaska, British Colombia, Colorado, Houston, and lastly safely flying back to Clearwater Airpark, Tampa Florida on November 3rd, 2018.Upon completing the historic journey, the last video message recorded by Alam said, “Pakistan, news from Florida, Mission Parwaaz, Mission accomplished. Thousands of nautical miles, hundreds of hours, 36 airports, flying over 106 countries, 23 days and one big dream for one big nation. Pakistan congratulations, we are now in the history books of aviation.”Fakhr-e-Alam will be launching his book in Karachi on 14th November, more details will be disclosed at a later date. The book will soon be available at select retailers across the nation.

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7th Hum Awards takes Houston by glamour storm and power-packed performances

Performance by Hania Aamir and Azan Sami Khan

Houston(Cliff News)One of the most anticipated awards of the year, ‘Kashmir 7th HUM Awards presented by Kashmir Cooking Oil and Banaspati, brought to you by Cadbury Dairy Milk and Eighteen Residential Project, in association with Bisconni Chocolatto was held here today at NRG Arena, Houston acclaimed to be the biggest International Pakistani Awards to be attended by top celebrities of Pakistan.The tone for the evening was set with the Red Carpet, which dazzled everyone with its amazing décor and the superstars and socialites gracing it, hosted by Ali Safina and Moomal Sheikh who kept the stars engaged throughout. The star-studded affair not only brought the bigwigs of the Pakistani entertainment industry under one roof but it also served as a great platform to showcase the true entertainment value that Pakistan offers.The show opened with the American and Pakistani national anthems presented with oomph and   patriotism, the first accompanied by their traditional parade and the second featuring artists Kubra, Farhan, Urwa, Meekal, Mawra, Imran Ashraf and Reema among many others singing fervently along with kids dressed in the flag colours. The anthems were followed by a grand opening performance of Dil Se by Haroon Rasheed in which he got Bushra to also participate. Then HUM’s showreel 2018 was shown after which the Pakistani ambassador, Erwin Missanga, president HUM Network Sultana Siddiqui and CEO HUM Netwok, Duraid Qureshi came on stage to address the audience. A riveting performance on Tu Turu Tara Tara by Ali Rehman and Meekal Zulfiqar, the first set of hosts for the evening, marked their grand entry. They announced the first award category — of Best Soap — to be presented by Shahzad Sheikh and Kubra Khan. The award went to Sanwari for its amazing story and performances, and was received by Mahesh. Best Actor Female – Soap, was presented by Sarah Khan and COO Samsol, Fauzi Saleem and went to Zainab Ahmed for her role in Maan Sadqay. It was received by Adnan Siddiqui on her behalf. Best Actor Male Soap, a category sponsored by Bank Alfalah and presented by Muneeb Butt and Hina Dilpazeer went to Usama Khan, for Sanwari. Best Childstar and Best Telefilm presented by Nadia Afghan and Ali Safeena went to Sami Khan and Is Dil Ki Aisi Ki Tesi byMD Productions, respectively.A riveting performance by Azan Sami Khan and Hania Amir on a medley of vintage Pakistani film songs that had the entire audience singing with the duo, and going wild when Azan came down the stage to dance with Reema sitting in the audience, followed.The next segment’s hosts comprising Meekal Zulfiqar and Sanam Jung took over. For the Best New Sensation Television Female and Male awards, Yasir Hussain and Iqra Aziz were invited to announce the winners, which went out to Alizeh for Ishq Tamasha received by Saife Hasan, and Usama Tahir for Dar Si Jati Hai Sila, respectively. Adnan Siddiqui and Mawra Hoccaine presented the award for Best OST which went to Bandi by Moomal Entertainment and was received by Moomal Qureshi, while Kashmir Golden Plate Award, presented by the mayor of Houston, Sylvester Turner and Mohammed Akbar Muggo of Kashmir Cooking Oil went to Sultana Siddiqui for her massive contributions to society.Ahmed Ali Butt and Meekal Zulfiqar then took the mike and kept the audience in stitches with their comedy act with Butt impersonating as a mobile phone.The next hosts of the evening were Ali Rehman and Ayesha Omer who made their striking entry on a song and then invited Duraid Qureshi to present the first awards of their segment, which were Recognition Award (films), which went out to Parwaz Hai Junoon and was received by Momina Duraid, and Best Actor Male and Female awards which went out to Hamza Ali Abbasi and Hanya Aamir respectively. A trailer of a forthcoming film by HUM, Sacch, was also shown.The next awards were for Best Actor in a Supporting role Female (serial) which went out to Nadia Afghan for Suno Chanda, presented by Yumna Zaidi and president Riceland, Mrs Tahir Javed, and Best Actor in a Supporting role Male which a tie and was awarded to Yasir Hussain for Bandi and Tipu Shah for Dar Si Jati Hai Sila, presented by Zeba Bakhtiar and Dr. Mubashir Chaudhry.The mega stars of Pakistani media industry Mehvish Hayat and Ahsan Khan then set the stage on fire, with the dancing crew in accompaniment. Their electrifying performance brought the house down.The inimitable pair Ahmed Ali Butt and Bushra Ansari then came on as hosts for the next segment and invited Reema and Mr Tanveer Ahmed to present the award for Most Impactful Character in a Serial, which went to Noman Ejaz for his stunning performance in Dar Si Jati Hai Sila. Best Actor in a Negative Role also went to Noman Ejaz and was presented by senator Faisal Jawed and Moomal Shunaid. Momina Duraid and Javed Sheikh presented the next two awards – that of Best Writer Drama Serial and Best Director Drama Serial that went to Saima Akram Chaudhry for Suno Chanda and Kashif Nisar for Dar Si Jati Hai Sila, respectively. Just before the next category of award – that of Lifetime Achievement – Asim Azhar took centerstage and did an electrifying performance on the legendary singer Alamgir’s songs after which he invited the maestro himself to the stage, to the delight of the unsuspecting audience, who gave him a standing ovation. Sultana Siddiqui, together with Asim Azhar presented this award to the indefatigable Alamgir who then sang. song live to the delight of the audience.Ali Rehman and Meekal Zulfiqar, the next set of hosts of the evening invited Zahid Ahmed and Mohammed Ehteshamuddin to present the Best on Screen Couple (popular) award, sponsored by Candyland which went to Iqra Aziz and Farhan Saeed while Best Drama Serial (popular) award was presented by Noman Ejaz and Sabir Godil of Bisconni and went to Suno Chanda, received by Momina Duraid. Best Actor Female Drama Serial (popular), presented by Imran Ashraf and Tariq Hamdi of Eighteen went to Iqra Aziz for Suno Chanda while Best Actor Male Drama Serial (popular), presented by Urva Hoccaine and Uzair Adil of Eighteen went to Farhan Saeed for Suno Chanda.Ahmed Ali Butt then came to interact with the audience in his comical style, again making them roll in their seats, after which the audience was treated to a mesmerizing performance by the queen of Sufi music, Abida Parveen, keeping everyone glued to their seats, in spite of the late hours.The last set of hosts for the evening were Ahsan Khan and Sanam Jung. The jury award for Best On-Screen Couple was presented by Hania Amir and Sohail Mateen of Sensodyne and went to Iqra Aziz and Farhan Saeed while Best Drama Serial jury went to Dar Si Jati hai Sila, presented by Adnan Siddiqui and Shakeel Ahmed of Kashmir Cooking Oil. Best Actor Female Drama Serial jury was presented by Ayesha Omer and Ms Ehmareen Basit of Kashmir and went to Yumna for Dar Si Jati hai Sila while Best Actor Male Drama Serial Jury presented by Bushra Ansari and Mian Shahzad of Kashmir went to Noman Ejaz for Dar Si Jati Hai Sila bringing the thunderous night to a close.It is to be noted that HUM AWARDS successfully went international to another continent for the first time in 2018 when it went to Toronto. Following the stupendous success of the last awards, this time the US was the destination for the first time.

7th Hum Awards National Anthem

 

 

Facebook taking initiatives to prevent suicide incidents

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Written by Antigone Davis, Global Head of Safety

As a global online community, keeping people safe on our apps is incredibly important to us. Since 2006, we’ve worked with experts from around the world to inform our policies, practices and products supporting those at risk of suicide or self-injury.

On World Suicide Prevention Day, we’re sharing an update on what we’ve learned and some of the steps we’ve taken in the past year, as well as additional actions we’re going to take, to keep people safe on our apps, especially those who are most vulnerable.

Improving How We Handle Suicide and Self-injury Related Content

Earlier this year, we began hosting regular consultations with experts from around the world to discuss some of the more difficult topics associated with suicide and self-injury. These include how we deal with suicide notes, the risks of sad content online and newsworthy depictions of suicide. Further details of these meetings are available on Facebook’s new Suicide Prevention page in our Safety Center. 

As a result of these consultations, we’ve made several changes to improve how we handle this content. We tightened our policy around self-harm to no longer allow graphic cutting images to avoid unintentionally promoting or triggering self-harm, even when someone is seeking support or expressing themselves to aid their recovery. On Instagram, we’ve also made it harder to search for this type of content and kept it from being recommended in Explore. We’ve also taken steps to address the complex issue of eating disorder content on our apps by tightening our policy to prohibit additional content that may promote eating disorders. And with these stricter policies, we’ll continue to send resources to people who post content promoting eating disorders or self-harm, even if we take the content down. Lastly, we chose to display a sensitivity screen over healed self-harm cuts to help avoid unintentionally promoting self-harm. 

Our engagement with experts has proven so valuable that we’re also hiring a health and well-being expert to join our safety policy team. This person will focus exclusively on the health and well-being impacts of our apps and policies, and will explore new ways to improve support for our community, including on topics related to suicide and self-injury. 

And for the first time, we’re also exploring ways to share public data from our platform on how people talk about suicide, beginning with providing academic researchers with access to the social media monitoring tool, CrowdTangle. To date, CrowdTangle has been available primarily to help newsrooms and media publishers understand what is happening on Facebook. But we are eager to make it available to two select researchers who focus on suicide prevention to explore how information shared on Facebook and Instagram can be used to further advancements in suicide prevention and support.

In addition to all we are doing to find more opportunities and places to surface resources, we’re continuing to build new technology to help us find and take action on potentially harmful content, including removing it or adding sensitivity screens. From April to June of 2019, we took action on more than 1.5 million pieces of suicide and self-injury content on Facebook and found more than 95% of it before it was reported by a user. During that same time period, we took action on more than 800 thousand pieces of this content on Instagram and found more than 77% of it before it was reported by a user. 

Becoming a Safer Forum for Difficult Conversations

Experts have told us that one of the most effective ways to prevent suicide is for people to hear from friends and family who care about them. Facebook has a unique role in facilitating those kinds of connections and we’re taking additional steps to support those who are discussing these sensitive topics, especially young people. To help young people safely discuss topics like suicide, we’re enhancing our online resources by including Orygen’s #chatsafe guidelines in Facebook’s Safety Center and in resources on Instagram when someone searches for suicide or self-injury content.

The #chatsafe guidelines were developed together with young people to provide support to those who might be responding to suicide-related content posted by others or for those who might want to share their own feelings and experiences with suicidal thoughts, feelings or behaviors. 

We’ll continue to invest in people, technology and resources so that we can do more to protect people on our apps. Visit our Suicide Prevention Resource page to learn more about what’s available.

 

U.S President Trump is treating Huawei Unfairly: Microsoft

Karachi(Cliff News)The way the U.S. government is treating Huawei is un-American. China’s leading maker of networking equipment and mobile phones should be allowed to buy U.S. technology, including software from his company”. These thoughts were express by Microsoft President and Chief Legal Officer, Brad Smith.Such actions shouldn’t be taken without a “sound basis in fact, logic, and the rule of law,” says Smith, adding that Microsoft has asked U.S. regulators to explain themselves. “Oftentimes, what we get in response is, ‘Well, if you knew what we knew, you would agree with us,’” he says. “And our answer is, ‘Great, show us what you know so we can decide for ourselves. That’s the way this country works.’” U.S. President Donald Trump has said Huawei, run by a former Chinese army technologist, is a national security threat, and his Department of Commerce has added the company to an export blacklist scheduled to take full effect in November.Trump should know better, Smith says, citing Trump’s experience in the hotel industry. “To tell a tech company that it can sell products, but not buy an operating system or chips, is like telling a hotel company that it can open its doors, but not put beds in its hotel rooms or food in its restaurant. Either way, you put the survival of that company at risk.”Huawei is a key customer for Microsoft’s Windows operating system, which comes loaded on its branded consumer laptops. Four years ago, Smith and Microsoft Chief Executive Officer Satya Nadella hosted Chinese President Xi Jinping at Microsoft for a photo op with tech leaders including Apple CEO Tim Cook and Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg. That probably won’t happen again.Tensions between the U.S. and China feature prominently in Smith’s new book, Tools and Weapons: The Promise and the Peril of the Digital Age. While Huawei is its own case, Smith worries that broader and tighter strictures could soon follow. The Commerce Department is considering new restrictions on the export of emerging technologies on which Microsoft has placed big bets, including artificial intelligence and quantum computing. “You can’t be a global technology leader if you can’t bring your technology to the globe,” he says.
Microsoft has asked the Commerce Department to consider outlawing sales to particular customers or for particular uses that might pose national security risks, such as universities with ties to the Chinese military. Smith uses the analogy of the scalpel vs. the meat cleaver. The company also wants to make sure academic research can continue to cross borders, including from Microsoft Research Asia in Beijing.
A coalition of democracies should agree on standards for privacy and data collection and press China for better behavior, Smith says. Such privacy norms, he says, should govern “appropriate” data sharing that can help contribute to AI development and keep pace with Chinese efforts. That’s an idea that will likely alarm some privacy advocates.Smith, who raised money for Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign in 2016, says the bigger concern should be America’s leadership on the world stage, citing issues including gun violence and climate change. “The only way you can manage technology that’s global is to have governments actually work with each other,” he says.

Occupation and Merger of Kashmir into Indian Union and Ideology of Hindutva

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Vice Admiral Waseem Akram (Retd)

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Ideology of Hindutva

In 1925, an Indian doctor named K B Hedgewar formed the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) to promote a more centralized and assertive interpretation of Hinduism. Hedgewar envisioned India as a distinctly Hindu nation in which the populace was united around a common and defensible interpretation of Hinduism or Hindutva. As an ideology it is based on principle of establishing the hegemony of Hindus and the Hindu way of life in the Subcontinent. One thread of this Ideology is to restore the division of Indian sub-continent by making it one entity. RSS believes that the 1947 partition of India and creation of Pakistan and later Bangladesh are in fact a sacrifice of holy land of Akkhand Bharat and this historic mistake needs to be corrected. One RSS member, Nathuram Godse, was so incensed by the Ghandi agreeing to the partition of India and his thoughts of a religiously tolerant society, that Godse assassinated Gandhi, on 30 Jan 48.The Bharatiya Jantha Party’s (BJP) origins lie in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, popularly known as the Jana Sangh, founded by Syama Prasad Mukherjee in 1951 in response to the politics of the dominant secular Indian Congress Party. It was founded in collaboration with the Hindu nationalist organization RSS, and is in fact political arm of the organization. Presently RSS is part of the Sangh Parivar, a conglomerate of Hindu nationalist organizations spanning religion, politics and defense of the faith. RSS firmly now believes that India is a native Hindu state that has been invaded and contaminated by foreign religions. According to their views, Muslims which constitute the 14.2 percent of the population cannot be accepted as sons of the soil. RSS also now publically demands that Hinduism should supplant secularism as the guiding principle of Indian society. The ultimate aim of this philosophy is political and cultural subjugation of the country’s Sikh, Christian and Muslim populations.Prime Minister Modi embodies the past, present and future of the Hindu nationalist movement. Modi born on 17 Jun 50, joined the RSS youth wing when he was only 8 years old, and became a full-time volunteer at the age of 17. In 1985, he joined BJP. In 2002 he became the Chief Minister of Gujarat and subsequently in 2014; he became Prime Minister of India. His exponential rise to power is based on strong anti-Muslim and anti-Pakistani ideology. To attract majority Hindu vote he has openly professed demolition of Babri mosque, ban on cow slaughter, revoking the special status of Indian Occupied Kashmir and teaching a lesson militarily to Pakistan and even fragmenting it further on numerous occasions.BJP as extreme right Hindu party in order to increase its vote bank among Hindus has always whipped anti Muslim sentiments. For example, in 1992, it organized a Hindu mob to demolish 16th century Babri mosque. The contention was that the mosque was built upon the birth place of the Hindu God Rama. Ensuing Hindu-Muslim communal riots spread to cities like Mumbai, Surat, Ahmedabad, Kanpur, Delhi, Bhopal and several others, eventually resulting in over 2000 deaths, mainly Muslim.Shortly after India defeat in war with China in 1962, the Indian government embarked on a nuclear mission, conducting its first test in 1974. Pakistan due to its genuine security concerns after 1971 war with India which resulted in secession of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) launched its own nuclear program. Riding on nationalist sentiments with ambition to become Super power of the world, BJP led government in India conducted overt atomic tests in 1998. To restore strategic balance and amid threatening and insulting rhetoric by BJP leadership, Pakistan also conducted six nuclear test in May 1998. It is widely believed by majority of strategist that BJP miscalculation of conducting overt nuclear tests provided window of opportunity to Pakistan to go nuclear without facing international wrath being a Muslim state.In 2002, about 58 Hindu pilgrims died in burning train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat. Another communal riot broke out in Gujarat. In one of the bloodiest massacres in the history of modern India, mobs armed with addresses of businesses and residences owned by Gujarat’s Muslim minority systematically eliminated Muslims. Human Rights Watch reported that nearly 2,000 Muslims were massacred by Hindu mobs and over 150,000 displaced. Modi ordered Gujarati police not to halt the bloodshed or aid the victims. The worst-affected area was Ahmedabad, the state’s largest city. Violence continued unabated for three days from 27 Feb to 01 March and more sporadically throughout Gujarat for months. The US State Department later concluded that Modi was complicit in the riots, that he ordered Gujarati police not to stop the violence or aid the victims, and that his police forces were directly involved in the bloodshed. Modi was never charged, however, but was instead reelected to a third term with a landslide vote. His use of state terrorism to inspire his core voting bloc continues unabated till to date. On 17 May 2004, Lalu Prasad Yadav was appointed railway minister. In September 2004, two and half years after the train burning, Yadav appointed former Supreme Court Justice Umesh Chandra Banerjee to investigate the incident. In January 2005 Banerjee presented his interim report, which tentatively ascribed the fire as an “accidental fire,” after ruling out other theories. He cited a forensic report stating that the injuries on the victims were only compatible with an “internal fire.” However, despite Modi being declared as butcher of Gujarat as Muslim genocide was conducted under his watch and refused entry visa by the US for sponsoring and abetting state sponsored terrorism as Chief Minister. He became hero of the Indian extreme right and has been reelected as Prime Minister of India in 2019 for the second time.

Prime Minister Modi decision of revoking the special status Kashmir is totally in line with RSS ideology of creating homogenous Hindu nation. It is message to all the minorities in India that they have the choice to become Hindus and join the mainstream. Otherwise they will be eliminated by force and their freedom, property and even right to breath and live would be taken away from them. This is also a strong message to other regions vying for more autonomy or freedom from Indian Union is that BJP led government would crush any idea or ambitions for more liberty with iron hand.

Kashmir Issue

The most problematic region between India and Pakistan is Kashmir, a region located high in the Himalayas. At Independence, Jammu and Kashmir, comprised of an 80 percent Muslim majority, still had not chosen whether to join India or Pakistan. As per the principle of partition being the Muslim majority area the state of Kashmir should have form the part of Pakistan. At the time of Independence, Hari Singh was the ruler of Kashmir when he delayed the announcement of accession of Kashmir to Pakistan, his Muslim subjects rebelled against him. In Jammu Kashmiri Muslims were killed by Sikhs and Hindus who were in majority there. The editor of The Statesman, Ian Stephens claimed that 500,000 Muslims, “the entire Muslim element of the population”, was eliminated and 200,000 “just disappeared”. It means that at least 200,000 were killed and rest fled to West Pakistan. In these circumstances Pathan tribesmen from Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan waged Jihad to save their Muslim brethren and entered the state on 22nd October 1947. Seeing the, freedom fighters, Hari Singh panicked and requested India for help. Indian Prime Minister Nehru sent in 100,000 troops to crush what he claimed was an invasion of Indian territory. The Indian troops, which were air lifted in the early hours of 27 October, secured the Srinagar airport.  India and Pakistan went to war. A UN commission called for the withdrawal of both countries’ troops in August 1948. The United Nations brokered a cease-fire in 1949, and a five-member commission made up of Argentina, Belgium, Columbia, Czechoslovakia and the United States drew up a Resolution calling for a referendum to decide Kashmir’s future through plebiscite. The United Nations also determined a Line of Control (LOC), by which Azad Kashmir was given to Pakistan and the territories of Baltistan and Ladakh were divided.

Indian Efforts to Absorb Indian Held Kashmir into Indian Union

After 1954, India accelerated the process of integrating Kashmir into its political system in an effort to make it impractical and politically unrealistic to hold a plebiscite. Pakistan began to see China as potential ally against India after Tibet uprising. Pakistan entered into negotiations with China for border agreement in 1961 and finally signed it in 1963. Meanwhile India was provided with unprecedented military hardware and training support by the US and UK on pretext of containing Chinese threat after India’s humiliating defeat in 1962 conflict with China.

Despite being the front line state against the spread of communism in the region, Pakistan was betrayed by the US and British leadership in 1962.  President Kennedy and then British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, specifically asked Pakistan not to undertake any military action against Indian Held Kashmir during Sino-India war of Oct 62.  Both the leaders made Islamabad to believe that they would use their clout to resolve Kashmir issue once Sino-India conflict was over. Despite Pakistan compliance not only the Kashmir issue was put on back burner once the crisis was over but India started to receive more importance and all types of aid from the West.

Six rounds of talks were held between Indian Foreign Minister Sardar Sarwan Sighn and his Pakistani counterpart Zulifqar Ali Bhutto from December 1962 to 1963 for resolution of Kashmir issue. But nothing came out of it. Mr Bhutto even proposed the internationalization of the Valley as an interim arrangement for six months and then the Kashmiris should be given the chance to decide their future. But this was rejected by India. President Ayub also adopted “a very flexible attitude and stressed that he was prepared to consider a solution other than plebiscite”.

In December 1963, a strand of hair from the beard of the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon him), the most sacred Muslim relic in Kashmir, was stolen from the mosque at Hazratbul. The Kashmir Valley went into a brief chaotic spell which included riots and protests. The relic was quickly discovered by the Indian Intelligence Bureau and returned. The issue was defused almost completely in February 1964 when a panel of holy men confirmed the authenticity of the restored relic. In Nov 64,  Articles 356 and 357 of the Indian Constitution were extended to the Kashmir State, by virtue of which the Central Government can assume the government of the State and exercise its legislative powers. The State Assembly then amended the State Constitution, changing the posts of “Sadr-i-Riyasat” and “Prime Minister” to Governor and Chief Minister, consistent with the Indian Constitution. This meant somewhat dilution of Article 370 of Indian constitution which guaranteed complete constitutional autonomy to Indian Held Kashmir. In 1972 after the war, Pakistan and India signed Shimla agreement in 1972. According the agreement both countries will “settle their differences by peaceful means through bilateral negotiations”. India has, many a times, maintained that Kashmir dispute is a bilateral issue and must be settled through bilateral negotiations as per Shimla Agreement, of 1972 and thus, had denied any third party intervention even that of United Nations. Before proceeding further let us analyze that why India always wanted Kashmir to be integral part of Indian Union.

 

Strategic importance of Kashmir for Indian Union

From the Indian point of view, the borderland between Pakistan and China that is, Kashmir is strategically critical matter of fundamental national interest for multiple reasons but most important are: Occupation of Kashmir is rooted in national strategy of the Indian Union. According to Indian thinking the agreement to the partitioning of the sub-continent was an unfortunate departure from this ideal, and to allow a further secessionism from the union on the basis of religion specially Islam would imperil the national integrity. Secondly, the more of Kashmir that India held, the less viable was the Sino-Pakistani relationship. Indian control of major part of the region gave it control over the axis of a possible Pakistani threat and placed limits on Chinese assistance. Thirdly, India needs Jammu-Srinagar-Leh road, running through the heart of the vale of Kashmir, for supply of troops standing guard in the Ladakh area of Kashmir, an important area for India’s defence against the Chinese in Tibet and Sinkiang. Moreover, the headwaters of many of the rivers vital to Pakistan’s agriculture are in Kashmir. Lastly the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) once completed would decrease China’s reliance on the vulnerable Strait of Malacca by creating an overland trade route connecting the Arabian Sea to western China’s Xinjiang province for trade and energy. This would not connect energy rich Central Asia and Gulf region with China/ South Asia but ultimately it would also make Pakistan pivot of Asia.  One of the terminus port of CPEC; that is Pakistani port of Gwadar is located near the mouth of strait of Hormuz a strategic water way from where 40 percent of world flows. At present the US Navy dominates all the Sea Lanes of Communication (SLOC) of the world. The United States as well as India consider it a potentially grave threat to their free access to energy resources of Gulf, if China is given naval base at Gwadar. More importantly since as one of CPEC highways crosses through Gilgit-Baltistan, a Pakistani territory that India claims as part of Kashmir. So China’s backing for CPEC is viewed as tantamount to a recognition of Pakistani sovereignty over Gilgit-Baltistan. From the above discussions, it is evident that despite the acknowledgment by New Delhi that India Occupied Kashmir (IOK) is disputed area. However, due to number of strategic dictates, India not only wants to retain the occupied area of Kashmir but also harbors designs for further expansion into Pakistani and Chinese territories.

 

Clash of Civilizations

Being one of the world’s ancient civilizations with second most populated country of the world, India under Modi is aspiring to become Super power of the world and policeman of the region. Indian policy makers consider Pakistan to be the major road block in these efforts. Meanwhile, with the demise of Soviet Union, the common perception among the Christian Zionist living in West, Jews Zionist in Israel and Hindu Zionist in India is that political Islam as an ideology is the gravest threat to the new world order. To mitigate this threat, the relations between Narendra Modi-led nationalist government in India and Benjamin Netanyahu-led Zionist regime in Israel have grown rapidly in recent years. Apart from exponential rise in trade and defense relations. Rightwing Zionism under Netanyahu and rightwing nationalism (Hindu Zionism) under Modi with common hatred for Muslims have become the foundation stone of the ideological relationship between the two states. After this strong bonding, Modi using the template of its Zionist ally has embarked upon mission of genocide, changing demography of areas and occupying Muslim lands by force. On 07 Aug 19, Modi government revoked Article 370 of Indian constitution which granted special autonomous status to the occupied territory of Jammu and Kashmir. BJP government also retracted Article 35A, which restricted non-Kashmiris from buying land in the state, potentially opening the way for non-Kashmiris and Hindus to migrate to the state and alter its Muslim-majority demographics.

There are currently more than 600,000 Indian soldiers in IOK and the very fact they exercise expanded legal authority under the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1990 is cause of great human rights concern. By pumping more troops and clamping indefinite curfew in IOK has resulted in aggravating of human rights abuses. This tyranny and oppression of Modi fascist regime has denuded the actual face of Modi’s government. This illegal act of Modi government has, however, alienated all the Kashmiris of the IOK across the board to the point of no return.

The political strategy of Modi government at present is to encourage Hindu migration to the region en masse by buying Kashmiri lands and getting married with Kashmiri girls. By doing so India wants to reduce the Muslim majority into minority as Israel has done in case of Palestine and New Delhi has done in Nicobar and Andaman Islands. As far as India military strategy is concerned, New Delhi wants to keep IOK under siege by heavy military presence till the will of Kashmiri people to resist illegal occupation is fragmented. As far as Pakistan is concerned India is likely to keep the LOC active by targeting civil population and Pakistani military posts by artillery and other means. If things are still not manageable India would resort to surgical/ air strikes in Azad Kashmir to heighten the costs for Islamabad with the aim of deterring future cross-border attacks. If these measures are still unable to control indigenous freedom struggle, New Delhi could resort to creating a casus belli similar to false flag operations like Pulwama attack. That, naturally, would bring the subcontinent’s nuclear-armed neighbors closer to the edge of a conflict that would reverberate far beyond disputed Kashmir and even lead to much bigger catastrophe. The nuclear war between two countries has global implications which is not understood by many in the World.

 

As far as the United States is concerned, it wants to get out of Afghanistan, and needs Pakistan to convince Taliban to have peace deal which could provide face saving and honorable exit to Washington. Therefore, the present thaw in the US and Pakistan relations are tactical in nature and are short term. Due myriad of reasons the US has established strategic alliance with India in all fields. Thus Nuclear Armed Muslim Pakistan which is also the most important partner of China’s One Belt One Road initiative is viewed with skepticism by the US, India and Israel.  With strategic aims of depriving Pakistan of its nuclear arms and rolling back of CPEC project since 2001, these countries sometimes in concert and at times individually have tried to destabilize Pakistan. It is no coincidence that Pakistan is in eye of storm since 2001. Invasion of Afghanistan and installation of Northern Alliance dominated government there, Attack on Indian Parliament, giving flip to insurgencies in Baluchistan/ FATA, creation of Tehrik Taliban Pakistan(TTP), Samjautha Express, Mumbai, Pathan Kot, Uri, Pulwama, GHQ Rawalpindi, PNS Mehran Karachi attacks; all had almost identical strategic aims. These were to create two front dilemma for Pakistan Armed forces, create internal fissures, cause economic meltdown, demoralize para military forces to an extent so that there is complete paralysis and chaos in Pakistan. Against all odds Pakistan has emerged as more resilient country by sacrificing almost 100,000 persons and at a loss of US $ 120 billion over the years. The timing of revoking of Article 370 by India at a time when Afghanistan is stabilizing, is another attempt to embroil Pakistan in one more protracted conflict. New Delhi believes that by doing so it could squeeze Islamabad politically, diplomatically, economically and militarily further. However, like always amid Indian aggression Pakistani Nation and Armed forces are galvanized and ready to meet all the emerging challenges. It is believed that Indian miscalculation this time Insa Allah will end up in freedom of IOK.  

  

 

Recent restrictions based on ungrounded allegations:Deputy Chairman Huawei

Houkun Hu, Rotating Chairman von Huawei bei der Nationalen CyberSicherheitskonferenz im Hasso Plattner Institut in Potsdam © Peter Adamik/Berlin

Houkun Hu, Rotating Chairman von Huawei bei der Nationalen CyberSicherheitskonferenz im Hasso Plattner Institut in Potsdam © Peter Adamik/Berlin

Karachi(Cliff News)In his keynote remarks delivered yesterday at the Potsdam Conference on National Cybersecurity in Berlin, Germany, Ken Hu, Deputy Chairman, Huawei said that in recent days, restrictions, based on ungrounded allegations, have been imposed on Huawei in order to disrupt our business operations. We believe this behavior is totally unjustified.Ken highlighted that in Europe, approximately three-quarters of smartphone users rely on an Android-based phone. Huawei accounts roughly for 20% of this market. Such reckless decisions can cause a great deal of harm to consumers and businesses in Europe.This sets a dangerous precedent. It goes against the values of the international business community, cuts off the global supply chain and disrupts fair competition in the market. This could happen to any other industry and company in the future if we don’t jointly confront these issues.I am honored to speak at this beautiful campus of the University of Potsdam. When I arrived earlier, I was told that we are at a historic site where the Berlin Wall once stood. This reminded me of the fact that we don’t want to see another wall and we don’t want to go through another painful experience.  Equally, we don’t want to build a new wall in terms of trade, we don’t want to build a new wall in terms of technology either. We need an integrated global ecosystem which can help us to promote faster technological innovation and stronger economic growth. Ultimately, it is what we have to rely on in order to maintain prosperity for human society.

About Huawei:

Huawei is a leading global provider of information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure and smart devices. With integrated solutions across four key domains – telecom networks, IT, smart devices, and cloud services – we are committed to bringing digital to every person, home and organization for a fully connected, intelligent world. Huawei’s end-to-end portfolio of products, solutions and services are both competitive and secure. Through open collaboration with ecosystem partners, we create lasting value for our customers, working to empower people, enrich home life, and inspire innovation in organizations of all shapes and sizes. At Huawei, innovation focuses on customer needs. We invest heavily in basic research, concentrating on technological breakthroughs that drive the world forward. We have more than 180,000 employees, and we operate in more than 170 countries and regions. Founded in 1987, Huawei is a private company fully owned by its employees. 

 

Huawei reiterates company strong position despite recent actions by US

Karachi(Cliff News)In his latest meeting with the media, Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei has reiterated that the company is in a strong position to move ahead despite recent political actions in the United States.Addressing questions about the impact of the White House’s recent executive order, Ren noted: “What the US will do is out of our control. To us, the most important thing is to do our job well. I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the US companies that we work with. Over these 30 years, they have helped us to grow into what we are today. They have made many contributions to us. As you know, most of the companies that provide consulting services to Huawei are based in the US, including dozens of companies like IBM and Accenture. In the face of the recent crisis, I can feel these companies’ sense of justice and sympathy towards us.”The Huawei founder then went into greater detail about its relationships with US companies. “The US is a country ruled by law. US companies must abide by the laws, and so must the real economy. The media should understand that these US companies and Huawei share the same fate. We are both players in the market economy. Our close relationships with US companies are the result of several decades of effort on both sides. These relationships won’t be destroyed by a piece of paper from the US government.”The supply of products to Huawei from international partners was also discussed. “Our company will not end up with an extreme supply shortage. We have got well prepared. Even if there is an insufficient supply from our partners, we will face no problems. This is because we can manufacture all the high-end chips we need ourselves,” said Ren.As long as these companies can obtain approval from Washington, Ren commented that Huawei will continue to buy in large volumes from them. “It may be the case that they cannot obtain approval quickly. We have ways to go through this transition period. Once approval is granted, we will maintain our normal trade with these US companies and work together to build an information society for humanity. We don’t want to work alone.”In an answer to a direct question about why the US is targeting Huawei, Ren responded: “I don’t know exactly what [those US] politicians are thinking. I think we should not be the target of US-led campaigns just because we are ahead of the US.”The Huawei founder also responded to questions about overall disruptions to the international ICT market. “Europe will not follow in the footsteps of the US, and the majority of US companies are communicating closely with us. We will certainly be able to continue serving our customers. Our mass production capacity is huge, and adding Huawei to the Entity List won’t have a huge impact on us. We are making progress in bidding worldwide.”With regards to Huawei’s own business outlook for 2019, Ren added: “Our growth will slow down, though not by as much as everyone imagines. In the first quarter of this year, our revenue grew 39% over the same period last year. This rate decreased to 25% in April, and may continue decreasing towards the end of this year. But the US ban will not lead to negative growth or harm the development of our industry.”In sectors where Huawei have the most advanced technologies, at least in the 5G sector, Ren added that there “won’t be much impact”. Not just that, but Huawei competitors won’t be able to catch up with it within two to three years.5G standards are widely considered to have a huge impact on society, added Ren. The company appears to be well prepared for the future in terms of technology innovation and  R&D. Huawei has 26 centers of expertise for R&D globally, over 700 mathematicians, 800 physicists, and 120 chemists working at Huawei, according to Ren. He further noted that Huawei have the most 5G standard-essential patents in the world – about 27% of the total.“We have an Institute of Strategic Research, which provides a large amount of funding to well-known professors at top universities around the world. We don’t expect return on this investment. The way we sponsor research is similar to how investment works according to the US Bayh-Dole Act. It’s the universities that benefit from the investment. By doing so, we will work with more scientists researching technologies at different stages,” says Ren.As Reor its three business groups, when asked about where revenue will come from over the long term, Ren doesn’t take the view that the most profitable one is necessarily the most important. “Only the department that is responsible for building network connections will be able to become number one in the world. It is the very department that has come under attacks from the US. I have compared it to a badly damaged aircraft. Actually, we have realized that this department does not face as many difficulties as others because it has been preparing for a long time. Our 5G, optical transmission, and core network technologies are free from the pressure that is being put on this department, and these technologies will be the world leaders for many years to come.”In addressing its latest reputational challenges, Ren concluded that: “We do not seek to solve our reputation issues outside of China through media campaigns. I think we will ultimately need to solve these issues by providing excellent services to our customers. We are very advanced, and our customers will realize this if they start using our services.

About Huawei

Huawei is a leading global provider of information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure and smart devices. With integrated solutions across four key domains – telecom networks, IT, smart devices, and cloud services – we are committed to bringing digital to every person, home and organization for a fully connected, intelligent world. Huawei’s end-to-end portfolio of products, solutions and services are both competitive and secure. Through open collaboration with ecosystem partners, we create lasting value for our customers, working to empower people, enrich home life, and inspire innovation in organizations of all shapes and sizes. At Huawei, innovation focuses on customer needs. We invest heavily in basic research, concentrating on technological breakthroughs that drive the world forward. We have more than 180,000 employees, and we operate in more than 170 countries and regions. Founded in 1987, Huawei is a private company fully owned by its employees.